STANDARD LESSON COMMENTARY - June 18, 2017
Judges 11:1-11, 29-32

BACKGROUND
    1. What was the spiritual condition of Israel at the time of this week’s 
        lesson? Why? Identify the spiritual cycle: F O R D (Judges 10:6-18) 
        F – Forgets or Forsakes God (Israel’s Choice)
        0 – Oppressed (Permitted by God) D O
        R – Repents (Inspired by God)
        D – Delivered (Through and by God) R

        Forgets / Forsakes God v. 6
        Oppressed by God vv. 7-9
        Repents to God vv. 10, 15-16
        Delivered by God vv. 17-18

I. JEPHTHAH’S BACKGROUND (JUDGES 11:1-3)
    2. Who was Jephthah? Judges 11:1a
    3. Who were the Gileadites? Numbers 26:28-29
    4. Who were Jephthah’s parents? Judges 11:1bc
    5. What did Jephthah’s half-brothers do to him? Judges 11:2
    6. What did Jephthah do after he left his half-brothers? Judges 11:3

II. THE PEOPLE TURN TO JEPHTHAH (JUDGES 11:4-11)
    7. What request did the Gileadites of Israel make of Jephthah? Who         made this request? Why? Judges 11:4-6 (10:6-18)
    8. Why was Jephthah reluctant to accept the Gileadites’ request? 
        Judges 11:2, 7
    9. Do you think Jephthah should have been reluctant? Why or why not?
  10. What two roles was Jephthah promised if he accepted the elders’         requests to fight the Ammonites? Judges 11:6, 8
        v. 6
        v. 8
  11. Do you think the elders were trying to right the injustice done to         Jephthah or did they simply need help? Discuss.
  12. How did Jephthah initially respond to elders’ request? Why do you         think so? Judges 11:9
  13. Who did Jephthah give the credit to if he was successful against the         Ammonites? Judges 11:9
  14. How could Jephthah have responded to the elders’ request?
  15. What did the elders’ assure Jephthah? On whose name? Judges 11:10
  16. Who ratified the elders’ promises to Jephthah? Where did this take         place? Judges 11:11
  17. What did Jephthah do to confirm the agreement between him and the         Gileadites? Why do you think this was necessary? Judges 11:11c
  18. Discuss how our past mistreatment of others can come back to haunt         us?
  19. How should we feel toward those who have mistreated us in the past?
  20. What does Christ teach us about the responsibility of the abuser and         abused in matters of mistreatment? Luke 6:27-28; 17:3-4
  21. What was Jephthah’s first act as leader of the Gileadites?         Summarized. What does this reveal about him? Judges 11:12-26
  22. Who did Jephthah declare would be ultimate arbiter between Israel         and Ammon? Judges 11:27
  23. What was the response to Jephthah’s peace proposal? Judges 11:28

III. JEPHTHAH’S RASH VOW (JUDGES 11:29-31)
  24. What source of power did Jephthah receive before going into service?         Judges 11:29a
  25. What did Jephthah do after the king of Ammon refused his peace         proposal? Judges 11:29bc
  26. What is a vow?
  27. What vow did Jephthah make to the Lord? What was it contingent on?         Judges 11:30-31
        v. 30
        v. 31
  28. What was the outcome of Jephthah’s campaign against the         Ammonites? Judges 11:32-33
  29. Who was the first to come forth from Jephthah’s house to meet him?         Judges 11:34
  30. How did Jephthah respond to his daughter, his only child being the         first to meet him? Judges 11:35
  31. What does the Bible teach about rash vows? Proverbs 20:25
  32. Do you think Jephthah should have broken his vow? Why or why not?         Deuteronomy 23:21-23
  33. What should be taken into account before making a vow to the Lord?
  34. How does God feel about human sacrifices? Leviticus 18:21; 20:1-5; 
        2 Kings 17:17
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